How long did Sir Johnson Major rule as a prime minister? Read to know!
A brief history of Sir John major:
Sir John Major was born on March 29, 1943, in London, England. He is a British politician and public official who was prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1990 to 1997.
John Major joined politics at a young age as an active Young Conservative in Brixton and stood as a candidate for Lambeth Council aged only 21, winning the seat and becoming chairman of the Housing Committee. He stood for Parliament twice in 1974 in St Pancras, losing both times before winning Huntingdonshire in 1979.
He gained a seat in the House of Commons during the Conservative Party landslide of 1979, and his subsequent rise through that party’s ranks was rapid, owing in part to the interested patronage of high party officials from Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher on down. He became a junior minister in 1986 and chief secretary to the Treasury in 1987, and in July 1989 Thatcher appointed him to the important cabinet post of foreign secretary. Major had hardly been in this post three months when another cabinet reshuffle resulted in his becoming chancellor of the Exchequer. In this post he was well placed to contend for the leadership of the Conservative Party and the post of prime minister in November 1990 when Thatcher unexpectedly announced her intention to resign. Major won a three-way contest for the party leadership and consequently became prime minister of Great Britain on November 28, 1990. Major shared most of Thatcher’s conservative views, but, as prime minister, he showed himself to be more theatrical his approach. In April 1992, in the first general elections after his ascendancy, the Conservatives won, confirming his leadership.
In 1981 he became a ministerial aide and then a minister himself in 1985. Entering Cabinet in 1987 as Chief Secretary to the Treasury, he won the admiration and respect of his colleagues due to his ability to keep spending down. He was then promoted to Foreign Secretary in 1989 and Chancellor of the Exchequer soon after that.
Major’s first years in office coincided with an extended economic recession (1990–93). His government became increasingly unpopular despite an economic recovery in the mid-1990s that combined steady growth and a drastic decrease in unemployment with low levels of inflation.
He won the 1992 general election, with the Conservatives receiving the highest number of popular votes in history but with a smaller majority of 21, which itself was reduced in by-election defeats during the parliament. This victory was on the back of reversing the unpopular poll tax, Community Charge, which was introduced at the end of the Thatcher government.
A joint British-Irish initiative obtained a temporary cease-fire in 1995–96 by both Protestants and Roman Catholics in the long-running conflict in Northern Ireland. Major’s poll ratings remained strikingly low, however, partly because the large tax increases undertaken by his government in 1993 were unpopular and partly because Major himself was perceived as a colourless and indecisive leader. Moreover, there was a general feeling in Britain of weariness and impatience with the Conservative Party, which had ruled without interruption for 18 years and had recently weathered several scandals involving cabinet ministers. As a result, the Conservatives lost by a landslide to a reinvigorated Labour Party led by Tony Blair in general elections held on May 1, 1997. Major resigned both the prime ministry and the Conservative Party leadership soon afterward. Major, however, remained active in politics, and he served as MP until his retirement in 2001.
Last Updated on December 13, 2022 by Loveth