Have you been feeling down lately? or maybe hallucinating? Do you think you are mentally stressed? Do you need help? Read this article to get help!
What is mental disorder?
A mental disorder is characterized by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotional regulation, or behavior. It is usually associated with distress or impairment in important areas of functioning.
It also a wide range of conditions that affect mood, thinking and behavior.
Types of mental disorder
- Anxiety Disorders: The feeling of unease, fear and worry is called anxiety. At a point in life, every will experience anxiety.
- Bipolar Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders
- Neurodevelopmental disorders
- Eating disorder
Anxiety disorders is a group of mental health disorders that includes generalized anxiety disorders, social phobias, specific phobias (for example, agoraphobia and claustrophobia), panic disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorder. Untreated, anxiety disorders can lead to significant impairment on people’s daily lives. Not all anxiety is a disorder.
Symptoms of anxiety disorder
The main symptom of an anxiety disorder are fears or thoughts that are chronic (constant) and distressing and that interfere with daily living. Other symptoms of an anxiety disorder may include:
- Panic or anxiety attacks or a fear of these attacks.
- Avoidance behaviour – a person may go to extreme lengths to avoid a situation that they think could bring on anxiety or panic.
- Physical anxiety reactions – for example trembling, sweating, faintness, rapid heartbeat, difficulties breathing or nausea.
2. Bipolar Disorder:
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes changes in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to function. People with bipolar disorder experience intense emotional states that typically occur during distinct periods of days to weeks, called mood episodes. These mood episodes are categorized as manic/hypomanic (abnormally happy or irritable mood) or depressive (sad mood). People with bipolar disorder generally have periods of neutral mood as well. When treated, people with bipolar disorder can lead full and productive lives.
Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease your ability to function at work and at home. Several factors can lead to depression; Personality, Family history, Loneliness, Giving birth, Alcohol and drugs and illness.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder caused by very stressful, frightening or distressing events. Someone with PTSD often relives the traumatic event through nightmares and flashbacks, and may experience feelings of isolation, irritability and guilt. They may also have problems sleeping, such as insomnia, and find concentrating difficult. PTSD is caused by any traumatic event, examples are; violent personal assaults, such as sexual assault, mugging or robbery, serious road accidents, childbirth experiences, and serious health problems.
Schizophrenia is a mental health condition that usually appears in late adolescence or early adulthood. Its impact on speech, thinking, emotions, and other areas of life can affect a person’s social interactions and everyday activities. The cause of this disorder is unknown. However certain factors triggers schizophrenia, these includes; abuse (emotional, physical, or sexual),loss of job, a breakup or divorce and death of loved ones.
Neurodevelopmental disorders are conditions that affect how your brain functions. The followings are causes of this disorder; Premature birth,Low birth weight, and Fetal exposure to smoking, alcohol, recreational drugs, or medications during pregnancy.
Eating disorders are serious mental and physical illnesses that involve complex and damaging relationships with food, eating, exercise, and body image.
Eating disorders are serious conditions related to persistent eating behaviors that negatively impact your health, your emotions and your ability to function in important areas of life. The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder.
There are many different types of psychotherapy that can be effective in the treatment of a wide variety of mental disorders. Talking to a therapist can help people understand factors that may play a role in their illness and help them develop new strategies to cope.
Mental disorders can create distress and make it difficult to function as you normally do. If you suspect you have a mental disorder, talk to a health care professional to learn more. With an appropriate diagnosis, you can better understand your symptoms and find the treatment you need so that you can find relief and improve your ability to function in your daily life.
Last Updated on December 8, 2022 by Loveth